The two main styles that the Hamsa comes in are with the hand either up or down.
If the hand faces upwards, it is a sign against evil. It is representative of protection and repels the negativity of others and protects you from your own negative thoughts, such as envy, hatred and greed. The fingers may be spread apart to repel evil.
If the hand faces downwards, the Hamsa represents abundance and goodness. It becomes a welcoming sign that invites good things into your life. In this position, the fingers are generally close together, as a sign of invitation for good luck.
The word Hamsa means five in Hebrew. This symbol is also known by many names. These include:
- The Hand of Fatima: This name is derived from Islamic beliefs and is named after Fatima, the daughter of the Prophet.
- Hand of Miriam: In Jewish culture, the Hamsa is a symbol of the Hand of God. It is called the Hand of Miriam after the sister of Moses and Aaron.
- The Hand of Mother Mary: This name comes from Christian tradition, where the symbol has been named after the mother of Jesus, Mary.
- Hamesh: The word hamesh means five in Hebrew. It represents the name ‘Heh’ which is one of God’s many names.